https://margmowczko.com/1-timothy-212-not-as-clear/, https://womeninthechurch.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Edgar%20analysis%20of%20restrictive%20interpretation.pdf. Paul is evidently thinking of his own trip to Jerusalem and the threat that awaits him from the Judaizers there, Verses 17-20: I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way, contrary to the teaching you have learned. 11:20-21). Olympas; this is thought to be the name of a man, rather than of a woman. Names Of God Video – Very Inspiring! There are two households mentioned, and two unnamed women -- the mother of Rufus and the sister of Nereus -- as well as some unnamed brethren. Now they are in Rome, having traveled from Corinth and Ephesus. Paul switched from the Greek for “men” and “women” in verses 8-10 to the singular “man” and “woman” in verses 11-15. It is not general teaching that refers to everyone in the Ephesian church. Because of their ministry to him, Apollos went on to Corinth, where he had a mighty ministry in the Word of God. There is some uncertainty as to whether the second name represented a man (Junias) or a … 1. Even many synagogues would not have had the complete Old Testament, but only some of the scrolls. (Romans 16:3-5 NIV). Nympha is mentioned as having a church that meets in her house, but some insist she was not a church leader. Romans 16:6. Rufus’s mother Romans 16:13, Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; and greet his mother—a mother to me also. Tryphena of Rome is a Christian woman mentioned in Romans 16:12 of the Bible ("Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord." 15Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas and all the saints with them. We do not know much more about her, but her name has been preserved forever because of this mention. CEB. There seems to be little doubt that Rufus, along with his brother Alexander, mentioned in the Gospel of Mark, were the sons of Simon of Cyrene. (I wish that is what I would merit on my tombstone. They only envisaged getting adequate rest in order to come back and fight through to the end. 1:1 and 1 Tim. all the house churches, etc), and 1 Cor. We cannot be sure that he was the same person Paul mentions here, but he most likely is. 11:33-34). The letter to the Romans was carried by a traveling businesswoman, Phoebe, and she is introduced to us in the opening verses of this chapter: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchreae. Paul includes her as one of the many people to greet at the end of his letter and describes her as one “who worked very hard” on behalf of the church (Romans 16:6). They build a sense of superiority. It is not a picnic. 11Greet Herodion, my relative. Years ago I visited the Natural Bridge of Virginia. Paul wanted to foster unity among the believers in Rome and between the different house churches. This inspiring video shows several of the most important Hebrew names of God. I apologize again for asking so many questions, and I thank you for your insight. I could add other Bible women to this list. My take of verse 15 is here: https://margmowczko.com/chastity-salvation-1-timothy-215/. (Romans 16:7-10a NIV). In this portion, that is not the meaning at all. The God of peace, who will preserve the peace of the church, will also crush Satan under your feet." Who’s Who in Paul’s Greetings in Romans 16 by Bronwen Speedie. I apologize for asking so many questions, but I have just started to study about Christian egalitarianism and am not sure how to respond these objections. She is the likely courier of this letter, and is heading up arrangements for Paul’s visit to Rome (15:32). Tryphaena [trigh-FEE- And I’ve included a line or two about them. Harnack’s Positive Descriptions of NT Women Ministers. A woman, Prisca (also known as Priscilla), heads this list. The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. The name indicates that he, too, was a slave, because his name means "Third." No matter how many others follow, you never forget the firstfruits. Tryphaena [trigh-FEE- Then he mentions some relatives and friends, Verses 7-10: Greet Andronicus and Junias, my relatives who have been in prison with me. He has called us to a battleground. The vast majority of Christian were not taught the Old Testament scriptures by personally reading them but by having them recited to them in group meetings. We don’t know what Eve’s words were. Like Epaenetus, Ampliatus and Stachys (three men mentioned above), Paul refers to Persis, a woman, as a dear friend (“beloved”).  By comparison, only three men are described in terms of their ministry (Aquila, Andronicus, Urbanus), and two of these men are ministering alongside a female partner (Aquila with Prisca, Andronicus with Junia). 2. Keep away from them. Finding your blog was one of those serendipitous moments that occur from time to time: I got so much more than just what I was seeking at the time. No Christian was without a ministry. In fact, he gives no examples of the verb in ancient papyri until later, and these very few examples are just allusions rather than examples. Paul greets them, and reminds the church that they had risked their lives for him. There are 24 names mentioned in Rome — 17 men and 7 women. Perhaps surprisingly, there was a lot to learn from the long list of names. Nereus is another fascinating name. It all depends on the name "Junias." In the latter part of Verse 10 and in Verse 11 two groups are mentioned, involving Christians and, perhaps, non-Christians as well: Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus. For that I am very grateful. Romans 16:16 NIV. Romans 16:3 Greek Prisca, a variant of Priscilla; Romans 16:7 Or are esteemed by; Andronicus Romans 16:7 Thank you for your thorough analysis of Romans 16. Was it “teaching,” a word that some are reluctant to associate with Priscilla and her ministry? He realized that the work of the Lord is like a tapestry. It is also apparent that Paul has no problem with these women. 23. 1. Ampliatus in an interesting name. Evidently, a Christian church had grown up there, and Phoebe was a deacon in it. In fact, we read in Mark 16:15, “And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.” It is the same Greek word used here as in Romans 8:19-22. 2. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. Paul decides to send greetings from all those people who were with him in Corinth. Romans 16:21. Along with Nereus and his sister, as well as Olympas (which may be a contraction of the male name Olympiodorus—or is it a female name? Three women are listed in Romans 16:12. Furthermore, Paul ends his list with a call for mutual and reciprocal salutations among the Roman Christians. And Edgar’s assumption that “the verb ‘teach’ concerns a position commonly connected with authority” has no basis in the New Testament (cf. In the New International Version, “Christ” appears 453 times! : Hendrickson, 1991) (A PDF of this chapter is freely available here.) Olympas Romans 16:15, Say hello to Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. The family of Stephanas were the first converts of Achaia ( 1 Cor. (Source: Facebook) Image used with his permission. Romans 16 begins with a recommendation which was written in order to introduce a woman by the name of Phoebe to the Christian community in Rome. The Roman soldiers laid hold of a passing stranger whom they compelled to bear the cross to Calvary. Recently I enjoyed preaching on Romans 16. It might help a bit to look at some of the women mentioned in the New Testament. (My own transl.). 1I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchrea. Some scholars believe, however, that the last chapter of Romans was not originally part of Paul’s letter to the Romans, but part of a letter the apostle wrote to the Christians in Ephesus. Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. Prisca’s name is listed before her husband’s in four of the six times their names are mentioned in the New Testament. In fact, for 300 years there is no mention of church buildings in Scripture. 10Greet Apelles, tested and approved in Christ. There is no clear indication how public or private the church meetings were in Corinth (cf. That brings us to the final paragraph when, as was his custom, Paul takes his pen and writes the last words himself. Even the father of our country felt the urge to gain a kind of immortality by carving his name on the rock. I am not going to finish it today, however. 4They risked their lives for me. Something will happen to open the eyes of people to the unscriptural position of these groups, and they will lose their following. Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. Through him God will “graciously give . And it makes no difference if there are one or two activities being prohibited. Prisca Romans 16:3-5a Greet Apelles, tested and approved in Christ. And so is the idea of “public” versus “private.” Priscilla and Aquila had a church that met in their home in Rome (Rom. 20The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. Olympas; this is thought to be the name of a man, rather than of a woman. Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. And many people have called God by different names in the Bible. You can picture them gathered in the home of Gaius, this gracious, genial, generous host of the city, mentioned in Paul's first letter to the Corinthians. Romans is all about considering the place of the “other” in God’s plan, whether that is the ungodly (Rom. 16:1,2 - Phoebe is a deaconess (diakonos) in the church of Cenchrea, a “helper (prostatis) of many” including Paul. The first is Timothy, who was Paul’s understudy and often his companion. More about Mary of Rome and Paul’s use of “labour” terminology here. What is especially interesting, however, is that seven of the ten women are described in terms of their ministry (Phoebe, Prisca, Mary, Junia, Tryphena, Tryphosa, Persis). Though “control” or “bully” or “act the tyrant” may be better. a) In a sense, that is what I want you to get out of Chapter 16. Moving on to page 24: I have never heard 1 Timothy 2:15 CSB described as “a domestic issue,” as Dr David Scholer put it. Greet one another with a holy kiss. (That is really the term, not deaconess, as the King James Version puts it. Isa 52:5 : Rom 3:4: as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged. Your email address will not be published. I can just imagine them knitting and darning and crocheting, these dear maiden sisters who worked very hard. Authentein was not a good thing. The last paragraph is reserved for next Sunday and our Communion service. Keep away from them. Second, they believed that life is a battle, a battle to the death. They figure prominently in the list of greetings Paul sends to the Christians at Rome, with 10 of the 29 people mentioned being women. I’ve already shared my information on authentein. The author of Romans is a slave or servant of Christ (Rom. "Asia," as in the Revision, is the true reading. Romans 16 concludes with the personal page—attention to the details of individual lives. God bless you sis . They became fast friends, as well as relatives, and Paul speaks highly of them. 1 Cor. Phoebe, however, was not a member of the Roman church but lived in … All the churches of Christ send greetings. 1. Enjoy this video and share it … Say hello to Urbanus, our coworker in Christ . It’s interesting to speculate what they might have been, but calling it “teaching” is a huge stretch. Greet Ampliatus, whom I love in the Lord. 16:13 This Rufus cannot be identified to … Perhaps this list will be useful to others too. You cannot read Chapter 16 of Romans without being impressed by the number of women Paul mentions — many more than in any other literature of that day. Phoebe was a minister in Cenchrea, a port town of Corinth. Firstfruits: cf. Note that these four labouring women in Romans 16 are not mentioned with a man. . Romans Chapter 16. 16Greet one another with a holy kiss. 16:15). Later they became Christians, and Paul cherished them as friends he had known even before his own Christian days. Mary and the Women in Matthew’s Genealogy of Jesus, Don Carson and Tim Keller on “I Do Not Permit a Woman to Teach”. Their methods are to come on with smooth and plausible talk. 11 refers to ministry when the church is assembled, but perhaps Paul’s concern is conceptual rather than practical in these verses. The word for “church” also occurs in 1 Cor. Until you see fit to remove us, Lord, keep us at the work. Paul spoke of him always in the highest terms; his beloved son in the faith, who had stayed with him so long and remained faithful to the end. 13Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. Knowing names. Of the twenty-nine people, ten are women. Marg has a BTh from the Australian College of Ministries and an MA in early Christian and Jewish studies from Macquarie University. You never forget that first one you lead to Christ. Most first-century church meetings were small and often met in homes. I should be able to turn it in my PDF reader. It is difficult to know for sure which Mary this is, since there were so many with this name who were followers of Jesus. Designed by Brugel Creative | © Margaret Mowczko, Exploring the biblical theology of Christian egalitarianism, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Partnering Together: Paul’s Female Coworkers, Tabitha: An Exemplary Disciple (Acts 9:36-42). Believed that life is a huge stretch should expect to find the non-technical sense Romans. Paul, Minnesota text: Romans 16:1-16 where they are outstanding among the Roman but. And recording © 1977 by Ray Stedman ministries, owner of sole copyright by assignment from the author sound to... Greet Rufus, chosen in the Bible to Epaenetus, my kinsman - probably another converted Jew this sounds domestic. Aquila and Priscilla Tryphosa Romans 16:12, greet Andronicus and Junia were a missionary couple who had become Christians had! 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